Amelia Pang’s Made in China: A Prisoner, an SOS Letter, and the Hidden Cost of America’s Cheap Goods (2021) exposes China’s laogai system of labour camps, first opened in the 1930s and still operating as prisons, camps, and various extralegal detention centres. From the building of the Great Wall to the Grand Canal, the legacy of slavery in China is longstanding. Today the residents of these camps include political prisoners, ethnic minorities (like Tibetans, Uyghurs, and Kazakhs), petitioners, migrant workers, juvenile offenders, adult criminals (including petty criminals and sex workers, 14 years of age and older), and practitioners of outlawed religions. In the last decade, The Laogai Research Foundation (no longer in operation) identified more than fourteen hundred camps and prisons in operation, factories producing the cheap giftbags and decorations, household goods and toys, clothing and gadgets. “When we are standing in the familiar space of a store or in front of the gentle glow of a computer screen, we don’t feel the agony of the workers who made our products as deeply as we feel our desires.” Gang rape, 24-hour-long shifts, prolonged and unmitigated exposure to toxic materials, whippings, starvation, water deprivation, organ harvesting: you won’t want to believe it, but nearly fifty pages of supporting documentation demands that you do believe.